This delay gave his Political opponents such as general Omar Bradley and General George Patton an opportunity to further criticize him.
Though the city of Caen was captured and eventually led to Germany defeat, once again he failed to obtain the position of Supreme Allied Commander for political reasons. To appease him, Sir Churchill offered him a title of Field Marshal. As a leader and commander, General Bernard Law Montgomery made some notable achievements but also as a human being he had some failures in relation to leadership and command. During his career service, Field Marshal Montgomery made the following notable achievements: a.
Field Marshal Sir Bernard Montgomery: Memoirs
In he became an Instructor at Staff College at Camberley. In he was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant colonel and was posted to Palestine, Egypt and India. In , he was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General and became Commanding officer of the 9th Infantry Brigade. In he took command as Field commander in North Africa after the death of Gen William Gott and later he successfully repelled the German troops under General Rommel on attack against Alam el Halfa.
In the same year he achieved a decisive victory in the battle of El Alamein and was awarded the Legion of Merit by the United States for his desert war Victory. In he was given the 21st Army group which encompasses all Allied forces in operation Overlord. In , he was made 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein. Between and , he was Chief of the Imperial General Staff. He wrote and published several books based on his memoirs; El Alamein was published in , The Memoirs of Field Marshal Montgomery in , and Normandy to the Baltic in which have become military references and basis for doctrine.
Following his exemplary performance in his Leadership, Command and Management, Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery received international recognition for outstanding performance for example his portraits, statue and books are displayed in many galleries and museums. After a funeral ceremony at St. Lack of diplomacy. Field Marshal Montgomery was notorious for his lack of tact and diplomacy.
The Memoirs of Field-Marshal the Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, K. G. - Semantic Scholar
Field Marshal Montgomery was not willing to take risk that others would have. He failed to encircle and trap Germans in North Africa campaign during operation Al Alamein which he would have captured thousands of tons of supplies that would have been used for subsequent operations. Political connectivity. Field Marshal Montgomery had no political connection and was little known because of the ego bearers from press arena which focused only with those who had political connections as heroes.
He assumed that the paratrooper unit could retain their landing zones and the bridges for a given period of time and yet were only lightly armed and without support from ground troops and tanks they could hold out for long. Terrain analysis. Crucially Field Marshal Montgomery failed to understand the terrain that he expected his men to fight in.
The roads in the Netherlands were narrow and that the ground around them was unsuitable for armour. This was a fundamental error that he assumed that tanks could make their way rapidly to the landing zones, by using only the roads. Perhaps the biggest failing of the Field Marshal Montgomery plan was that it assumed that the Germans had been decisively beaten and that any counter-attack that they could launch in the area would be limited. The great eminence objective of a leader that he would seek to achieve is certainly the integrity.
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In the absence of integrity there will be no real success in any kind of war no matter what rank you are. It was one a great belief which Field Marshal Montgomery emphasized and inculcated on his subordinates at all levels. Great leadership should be seen fostering the subordinates to develop, demonstrates personal example from which subordinate draws lessons, encourage cooperation and mutual understanding so as to achieve a common goal as a team and is capable to stand all situations.
He stood out professionally, courageously and committed to sacrifice even his own life. Field Marshal Montgomery was a such a commander who never thought of risking single life of his troops unreasonably. He had many challenges with his troops and the most important one was to overcome the accumulated fear of his men from the Germans. He restored confidence and morale to a greater extent required. Field Marshal Montgomery was criticized by Allied Commanders whose plans he never considered to execute but was never discouraged.
In the end, he received recognition of outstanding performance for the continued victory in the North Africa from the United States of America. He was as a good war architect who always planed his operations through a process of comprehensive study where he endeavored to consider risks in the operations. He was passionate about his soldiers as thus he could not commit them without a thorough studied plan. He addressed the moral aspect of soldiers by keeping them informed as to why they were fighting.
By doing so he persuaded their will to fight. Although Field Marshal Montgomery had performed exceptionally during his militarily carrier and displayed full commitment, he had certain weaknesses. On several accounts, he opposed plans of his fellow commanders. Although he was a charismatic military leader who knew that he monopolized planning expertise.
Despite his plans that born good battle results especially in North Africa he was the principle planner of the failed airborne attempt to Bridge River Rhine at Anhem for Allied Forces River crossing in Nevertheless, Field Marshal Montgomery was not only a tactician but also a good administrator. It was him who initiated administration and morale as principles of war which we are practicing today. Finally, it was not the end of a war hero who sacrificed his whole life to the betterment of British people.
He is still alive not only in Britain but throughout the world. His teachings and theories are still alive even after seven decades of his demise. The following lessons from General Bernard Law Montgomery are of paramount to learn: a. Courageous and Persevering Character.
Upon recovery he returned to the front and acted in the capacity of operations staff officer. In , Montgomery's wife Elizabeth passed away but was never bogged down. Field Marshal Montgomery innovated a strategy which included joint operations of mobile British armored corps with the Royal Air Force which led to subsequent battle victories undermining the Germans Forces in the Northern African Campaign.
Ability to Motivate the Soldiers. When he took up command of 8th Army Field Marshal Montgomery cancelled the plan for withdrawal and abolished contingent plans for retreat. He did so by instilling and restoring self confidence in the soldiers who had lost battles on several accounts to Germans under the leadership of Field Marshal Rommel whom they had described as supernatural person.
This was intended to reassure the soldiers that under him they were capable of fighting and defeating the enemy. Mission Command. He insisted that indeed it is the initiative of subordinates and their freedom of action that the battle is won. He exercised mission command. Knowledge of Forces. Field Marshal Montgomery exercised this in visiting the soldiers frequently. He believed that if the approach to the human factor is given due diligence the leader gains confidence and trust from men. Soldiers should have a feeling that their best interests are embraced in the hands of the leader.
When achieved the leader has in his possession a priceless asset and victory is ultimately possible. Strategic Planning. When the Germans retreated from the Battle of Alam Halfa from 31 August , Field Marshal Montgomery was criticized for not pursuing the fleeing forces immediately, but he was cautious about the unplanned attack. He believed that a hasty counter-attack would ruin his incumbent strategy for an offensive operation.
He strongly believed that launching an attack would be for the one he was sure that victory was eminent and would bear a significant impact on the opposing force. A good example is how he planned the battle of Al El Alamein. Gaining Confidence through Performance. Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery was passionate to his troops and in turn they were loyal to him.
He was known by his troops, as one of British greatest generals, who restored will to fight and cohesion among forces in the victory at El Alamein. He built confidence based on the experience and profession, courage and morale from North Africa and went on to lead Allied Forces in the invasion of Italy and later France. Related Papers. By cassandra vivian.
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By Nathan Markon. By Jonathan Fennell. Download file. Remember me on this computer. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. His insistence that the initial invasion forces be increased from three to eight divisions, of which three were airborne, was a historic contribution. It was essential to success on D-Day in —as was his role as ground commander of the Anglo-American forces under Eisenhower as supreme Allied commander.
But failure to capture Caen in the first days marred his reputation in U. The bold but disastrous airborne coup at Arnhem, the only battle Monty ever lost, further dented his reputation. In turn, he was tactlessly critical of the American reverse in the Ardennes of December Edited by Robert Cowley and Geoffrey Parker. All rights reserved. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. Sent with a small German force to help the Axis against the British after the Italians had suffered severe defeat, Rommel—reaching Tripoli in February Winston Churchill was one of the best-known, and some say one of the greatest, statesmen of the 20th century.
Though he was born into a life of privilege, he dedicated himself to public service.